Architects design and plan buildings and structure which are appropriate in terms of materials and design and also meet the client's specifications. Architects may be involved in all phases of development, from the initial discussion through construction. Their duties demand a variety of skills e.g design, engineering, managerial and supervisory.
Some architects concentrate on design work. Design involves both artistic and scientific skills, i.e. producing something which is also technically feasible.
• They work on a set of instructions from their clients defining the type of building required - residential, commercial or industrial or an entire housing or industrial estate and the estimated budget available.
• The project could involve designing from the very beginning or making alterations to existing structures. • The ideas are discussed and approved
• Sketches and plans with details of sizes, specifications are made and estimates of the cost of building materials are prepared. • Models for a more graphic presentation of a project may be prepared.
• Designing of the interior layout of buildings.
• The work may be done by an architect alone, in a team, or with the aid of architectural technicians. This largely depends on the type of organization or firm an architect is working for and the type of contracts he undertakes. Managerial and administrative responsibilities
• Obtaining building permission from the local authority
• Preparing and negotiating contracts with building contractors, civil and structural engineers and surveyors
• Presenting drawings and estimates.
• As overall in-charge architects make regular visits to the site, checking the progress and quality of work
• Ensuring site and materials security
• Issuing instructions to the contractor/agent and certifying payments to contractors.
• Discussing problems with the site manager and civil or structural engineers until the construction is complete and ready for the client's use.
Career progression of an Architect
• Practical apprenticeship with an Architectural firm in the final year of studies.
• After graduation - apprenticeship with an architectural firm/ agencies/ firms for managing small assignments. Learning under senior architects the technicalities involved in design.
• After a few years of apprenticeship architects can handle small projects and make architectural plans .Architectural training helps to develop an ability to work independently.
• Experienced and senior professionals in Architecture work on large assignments and generally have a team of junior architects, architectural assistants etc. They work as consulting managers, directing, inspecting and dealing with major technical issues, costing, legal decisions, etc. It takes 10 years or more to reach their position.
• Architectural design firms
• Architecture & Engineering Services firms
• Central Public Works Department
• Cooperative Societies etc
• Entrepreneurial ventures
• Government - urban development department
• National Building Organization
• Std XII
Stream : Science PCM
• Entrance Test
JEE* / National Aptitude Test**
B.Arch is a 5 year course after +2 with Maths.
1. Entrance through JEE : Beginning 2013 the IIT JEE and AIEEE entrance examinations have been replaced by the new Joint Entrance Exam (JEE Main)conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). Apart from being the first stage exam for entry into the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), the JEE (Main) is conducted for entry to National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and centrally-funded colleges of Architecture. Deemed institutions of Architecture and all institutions which have been approved by AICTE select students based on JEE Main. The weightage to Board examinations is as per the discretion of institutions. Universities have the freedom to choose appropriate weightages for performance in Class XII Boards and the main exam normalized on percentile basis.
The states of Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Haryana and West Bengal have also agreed to select students for through the new JEE. Weightage given to Class XII board marks are to be decided by the states e.g Maharashtra gives 50% weightage to Board Examinations. Separate merit lists are drawn for states that want to admit students on the basis of JEE scores. Question papers are also printed in regional languages on demand.
Pattern of the Test
Three attempts to qualify the new Joint Entrance Examination (Main)will be allowed. The IIT JEE is a two-tier exam - main and advanced. Main exam is a screening exam. The three-hour exam has objective type questions and multiple-choice questions. For each wrong answer, one-fourth of a mark is deducted, but there are no deductions for not attempting.
Candidates who want to take admission in B Arch/ B Planning courses at NITs, IIITs, DTU and other centrally funded technical institutes (CFTIs) have to give the second test (equivalent to Paper II of AIEEE) only in offline mode. This test is held on the same day as the JEE Main, 2013.
1. For All Architecture colleges score on the National Aptitude Test conducted under the aegis of Council of Architecture New Delhi is required. It measures the aptitude in specific areas such as drawing, observation skills, sense of proportion, critical thinking and aesthetic sensitivity needed for a career in Architecture. This test has been prescribed as a compulsory criteria for taking admission into an Architecture college in India.
Architecture graduates can study for a post graduate course of 18 months to 2 years.
1.72 Lakh to 11.78 Lakhs per annum The median salary for architects is 3.5 lakhs per annum. Beginning with approximately 1.75 lakhs per annum it may go upto over a crore per annum.