Botany careers largely deal with the biology of fossil and living plants along with their relationship to the environment. Education in botany includes many specializations in areas such as the taxonomy, physiology and anatomy of plants and their processes. A bachelor's degree is required for career entry, but advanced degree options are often required for teaching or research positions.
There are several common career options for botany graduates. Though these all fall under the larger botany umbrella, many of these scientific careers blend with one another in areas of study or emphasis. In addition to the following positions, research and teaching positions are common occupations for graduates of advanced botany degree programs.
Taxonomists organize species of plants into categories, after studying individual plants and grouping their species together based on similarities. A lot the species that they identify are representative of the established evolutionary relationships of plant groups.
These are soil and plant scientists who work to improve the yield of field crops like grains and cotton. They develop processes that assist farmers in growing more crops and preventing disease in them.
These scientists study plants interactions with the environment and other organisms. They study the ecosystems of plants with the goal of protecting them and solving environmental issues.
Traditionally, mycologists study fungi and how these damaging organisms injure plant life. Mycologists may also be grouped as a type of microbiologist owing to their study of bacteria and algae as they relate to microorganisms.
Plant breeders use traditional hybridizing and crossbreeding techniques, rather than genetic engineering, to improve plants for human uses as well as the environment. Plant breeders are a type of plant geneticist, and other geneticists may work more directly with the plant genomes.
These individuals cultivate, grow and care for plants, ranging from fruits to flowers. They can work in areas such as gardens, nurseries or tree orchards.
Biophysicists study the physical and mechanical energy of cells and living organisms. Within plants, they can determine how applicable medicine cures plant disease.
To become a Botanist, aspirants have to pursue the post graduation in Botany, Biology or related fields. Most of them also pursue the research programs in the concerned areas so as to get good careers in the sector. Various Universities all through the world offer a wide range of courses in Botany. Botany also has sub divisions. Aspirants who study ocean plants can become marine botanists whereas those who study agricultural crops can turn out to be agronomists. Botanists can seek for jobs in scientific education, botanical gardens, Universities and colleges. They can also work as Plant taxonomists in museums.
Various employment opportunities are prevailing for Botanists in Forestry industry, nature conservation and many other fields in public sector.
Who is eligible to apply?
The eligibility criterion to apply for the Masters’ course is a Bachelors’ degree in Botany, Biology or related fields. Candidates should have done the course from an acknowledged University. They should clear a PG entrance test also in order to get admission for the postgraduate programs. Those who have completed post graduation in the relevant fields can pursue the M Phil or PhD programs in Botany.
Key Points in the process
Pursue the XII course in Science disciplines with Biology
Carry out the graduation course in Botany, Biology or related fields
Study the postgraduate programs in the same.
Earn a doctoral degree in Botany.
Search out for employments in Government sector or in private companies.
A career in botany is very rewarding. Botanists salary varies depending on the field one chooses, the level of education and experience, the responsibilities of the position, and the geographical location. Teachers, researchers can expect a starting salary of Rs 12,000 to Rs 18,000 per month.
In Govt. service pay scale range from 15,000 to 30,000.