A fundamental part of engineering is the practical application of specialised scientific knowledge. Engineers need to consider safety, reliability, and cost-effectiveness. Civil Engineers handle all construction work. They are involved in the planning, research, survey and construction of all kinds of buildings as also roads, airports, dams, traffic and transportation systems, irrigation and power plants, water supply and sewage disposal plants, ports and harbours, oil rigs, etc. Basically, they are responsible for planning and designing a project and having it constructed to the required scale. Civil Engineers also develop and maintain the nation's vital transportation and other infrastructure networks, improve public services, optimise the use of water and energy resources, upgrade housing and mass transportation systems, and protect natural environment. Structural engineering, water management engineering, highway engineering and environmental engineering are some of the areas civil engineers specialise in. The civil engineer has to plan, research, survey and design the project and then get it constructed to the required scale. Engineers are often the crucial link between the goal and reality. Once a company or government agency decides that it needs a certain product or process, the next step is for an engineer or team of engineers to create it as efficiently as possible within a budget. Engineers have a hand in all the phases of development, from idea conception, design and development, implementation and testing to customer support
As a Civil Engineer, you can start private practice as a consultant or work with municipalities, government construction, regulatory agencies, transportation authorities, architects or urban planners. Others can seek employment in construction or manufacturing companies. As a Civil Engineer you can also work for organisations like ONGC, Railways and various departments of state and central governments. Employment opportunities exist in the government sector including the railways, departments of irrigation, public works, roads, airports, harbours municipal corporations, telecommunications departments, etc.
After your Class 10 you can opt for a diploma course after which, you can go for a degree. Alternatively, after 10+2 one can study engineering by any one of the following options: Through Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) for IIT (Indian institute of Technology) Through JEE of state engineering colleges in India. Your marks scored in 12th exam, particularly in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Maths are also taken into consideration (although it depends from state to state). The BE/B.Tech degree course in civil engineering covers structures, construction and surveying, foundation, fluid mechanics, hydraulics, environmental engineering, irrigation engineering, soil analysis, strength of materials, cost and works management and pollution control.
Diploma holders begin at Rs 6,000-8,000 a month. Graduates begin at Rs 12,000-20,000 a month in the beginning. A government job pays in the range of Rs 10,000-12,500. For consultancy services, the sky is the limit although depending on the project and your client.