Indian Coast Guard (ICG) alias Bharatiya Thatrakshak is a branch of the Indian Armed Forces operating under the Department of Defence of the Union Ministry of Defence. Established on 19th August 1978, Indian Coast Guard is the fourth service created to guard India's vast coastline and for enforcing the maritime laws of the country.
The coast guards are responsible for the scrutiny of the Indian territorial waters and the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone to prevent poaching, smuggling and other illegal activities. Besides conducting search and rescue operations, they also protect and preserve the marine environment of the country.
Indian Coast Guards are not a part of the Indian Paramilitary Forces. Coast guards works in close co-operation with the Indian Navy, Fisheries Department, Revenue Department and the Central and State Police Forces.
The motto of Indian Coast Guard is 'Vayam Rakshamah' which means 'We Protect'. The coast guards are the principal agency for enforcement of provisions of all national enactment in force in the maritime zones of India.
The mission of ICG comprise :
The Coast Guard has a dedicated and professional team of officers who operate ships and aircrafts for safeguarding county's maritime interests in the Indian EEZ. Indian Coast Guard offers various job opportunities to the young and educated youth of the country. One can enroll in Indian coast guard as Officersor Yantriks (technicians) or Naviks (sailors).
Officers are appointed in the Coast Guard in one of three branches, as either General Duty officer/ General Duty (Pilot / Navigation) or Pilot officer, Technical officer and Law officers.
Women in Coast Guard:
Women are appointed in Coast Guard only as officers in General duty, General Duty (Pilot / Navigation) and General Duty (CPL Holders, Short Service entry) branches. Women officers are posted in non sea going appointments. Unlike the other Armed Forces, women officers in Coast Guard have the option to serve till superannuation, except for CPL holders and General Duty branch- Short service appointment. The selection process for women is similar to that of male candidates.
The Yantriks are backbone of Coast Guard and are responsible for operating and maintaining the machinery and equipment fitted on Indian Coast Guard ships and aircrafts. Diploma holders in Mechanical Electrical, Electronic and Aeronautical branches of engineering can join in coast guard as yantriks.
Young dynamic male candidates with 10+2 qualification can join in Naviks (General Duty) branch and can specialize in various streams namely (a) Seaman; (b) Communication; (c) Mechanical Engineer; (d) Electrical; (e) Aviation.
Candidates with 10th qualification can join in Domestic branch of Naviks as Cooks and Stewards.
One can enroll in Indian coast guard as Officers or Yantriks (technicians) or Naviks (sailors).