Since its discovery, electricity has been an integral part of mans progress. Everything form toasters to computers run on electricity. One just cannot imagine life without it. From toasters to computers, an electrical engineer is responsible for a wide range of technologies. Interested? Read on… An electrical engineer designs, develops, tests, and supervises the manufacture of electrical equipment. Some of this equipment includes power generators, power transmission devices, broadcast and communications systems, electric motors, lighting buildings, automobiles, aircraft, computers and other office equipment and home appliances. In addition, this field encompasses audio video communication systems and industry automation.
Electrical engineers also write performance requirements and develop maintenance schedules. In addition to this, an electrical engineer solves operating problems and estimates the time and cost of engineering projects.
An electrical engineer is required to specialise in different areas such as power generation and distribution, communications and computers and electrical equipment manufacturing - or a subdivision of these areas- for example industrial robotics or electrical systems in aircraft.
Most jobs are in engineering and business consulting firms, manufacturers of electrical equipment, industrial machinery and professional and scientific instruments. Communications and utilities firms, manufacturers of aircraft and computer firms also employ electrical engineers.
In the government sector electrical engineers find jobs in the various electricity boards as well as in the armed forces. You will need to appear for the "Indian Engineering Services" exam conducted by the UPSC at the national level or join various departments at the state level through their respective exams.The armed forces also induct a number of electrical engineers.
• Good logical and problem solving skills
• Ability to grasp concepts quickly
• Ability to express oneself using figures and words
You will also be required to put in long hours of study, work with tools and work in teams. In addition good communication skills and high motivation are also important to be a successful engineer in today's competitive and demanding workplace.
In order to qualify as an electrical engineer, you need to have a B.E./ B.Tech or M.E./ M.Tech degree in electrical engineering. There are both degree as well as diploma courses in electrical engineering. If you want to make an early beginning you can choose this route. After the Class 10 exams you can do a 3-year diploma course. After this course you have two options. Join an engineering firm straightaway or enroll for a three-year degree programme, which will enhance your job prospects.
Alternatively instead of jumping into a diploma after Class X, you could study science all the way up to Class XII (with Physics, Chemistry & Maths) and then enroll for a four-year degree course in electrical engineering.
The electrical engineering course lays heavy emphasis on electrical networking, electronic devices and components, electronics and communication, distribution systems, electromagnetic theory and power electronics.
If you wish to study further after graduation you could choose between doing a Masters in Electrical Engineering, like an ME (Master of Engineering), M.Tech (master of technology) or MS (Master of Science-if pursued in the US) or alternatively doing a Management course (MBA). In all these courses you are required to study for another two years. You can also do a Ph.D if you want to enter the field of teaching of advanced research.
With a degree in electrical engineering you can expect to earn a salary of about Rs 15,000-25,000 or more a month. However your earnings will be much lower if you are just a diploma holder.