• Fishery sciences encompass study of life, habits and breeding of various species of fish. Fishing is done at high seas, from rivers, lakes and ponds. Fishing by trawlers in high seas, preservation and marketing of sea products needs a variety of trained personnel. The jobs are in hatcheries / fish farms/fish culture/ research/ packaging and marketing. Development of fish breeding farms
• Supervision of fish research centers
• Fish biologists survey streams and lakes to manage fish breeding
• They prevent infection and water pollution to preserve the fish population
• Manage fish preservation, freezing, canning done at coastal and inland factories by trained experts.
• Oversee domestic and export marketing
• Carry out research
• Ensure preservation of marine life
• Manage and propagate fish culture in hatcheries
• Carry out prawns and shrimp farming in coastal areas for exports
• Shrimp farming
• Scientific farming
• Hatchery operation
• Fish feed production
• Processing of packaged fish
• Marketing etc.
• Research in aquaculture industry
• Management positions in the industry
• Marine Product Export Development Authority (MPEDA)
• Fisheries Survey of India (FSI)
1) Duration:4 years, Eligibility: 10+2 PCB. Entrance test by ICAR
Job Profiles: Fisheries Inspector, Project Manager, Fisheries Extension Officer
With its 8,000 Km coastline and a vast network inland water bodies, India is the fourth largest producer of fish and the biggest inland fish producer. And of the 8 million people employed by the sector, less than 0.01% is professionally qualified. The field thus has tremendous potential
Course overview: Includes study of oceanography, ecology, biology, economics and management in the functioning of fisheries
Job opportunities: The government and state governments have positions like Assistant Fisheries Development Officers (AFDO) and Fisheries Extension Officers (FEO), amongst others. Careers are also possible with Maine Product Export Development Authority (MPEDA), Fisheries Survey of India (FSI), NIO, WHO, FAO, NACA, NABARD, EIA. Banks recruit domain experts in loan disbursement departments. Candidates can work as managers or officers in seafood processing and export units, aqua feed plants, fishing gear industries and in pharmaceutical companies in the private sector.
2) Fisheries Science can be studied at the graduate and postgraduate level. To become a fisheries graduate one has to pass a 4 year degree course i.e., B.F.Sc (Bachelor of Fisheries Science) from fisheries colleges of state agriculture universities. Eligibility criteria for B.F.Sc are 10+2 with biological science as one of the subjects. The B.F.Sc course enables a candidate with basic knowledge in all the three categories of fisheries science i.e. capture, culture and post harvest technology.
How to take Admission?
Admission is given as per merit of candidates and availability of seats.
For admission to various Central Institute of Fisheries Education in the country, the candidates have to appear for an all India level common entrance test conducted by ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), New Delhi. Special quota for outside state candidates is allowed to the candidates who have passed entrance exam of ICAR and are getting-fellowship too.
After completing B.F. Sc., one can take M.F.Sc. which is of 2 year duration. (Masters of Fisheries Science). After getting a professional degree in Fisheries Science, one can goes into research- oriented activities.
Course Areas : B.F. Sc. students are trained in a wide variety of subjects such as aquaculture (inland and freshwater), mariculture, industrial fisheries, fish processing and post harvest technology, fish nutrition, pathology, environment, ecology and extension etc. Sustainable fish production practices and scientific breeding and management of fishes are major areas of specialization. The course also contains practical experience like on sea cruise on fishing vessels for data collection & fishing, in processing plants and on aqua farms.
3) Orientation and in-service programs for fishery scientists is conducted at Kakinada (AP) Calcutta (WB), Tuticorin (TN). T Bhubaneshwar in Orissa, Vizagapatnam in Andhra has training centers for hatchery management. Other institutions in fishery education are Central Institutions of fishery education, Mumbai, Central Institute of fishery operations at Kochi & Chennai, marine product processing and training centre Mangalore and Hyderabad. Training centre for inland fisheries is at Agra, Barrakpore and Mumbai.