Career as Botanist

Stream : Life Science & Environment
Sub Stream : Botany
DESCRIPTION of Botanist:
 
Botany careers largely deal with the biology of fossil and living plants along with their relationship to the environment. Education in botany includes many specializations in areas such as the taxonomy, physiology, and anatomy of plants and their processes. A bachelor's degree is required for career entry, but advanced degree options are often required for teaching or research positions.


 job responsibility of Botanist
 
There are several common career options for botany graduates. Though these all fall under the larger botany umbrella, many of these scientific careers blend in areas of study or emphasis. In addition to the following positions, research and teaching positions are common occupations for graduates of advanced botany degree programs. 
Taxonomist 
Taxonomists organize species of plants into categories, after studying individual plants and grouping their species based on similarities. A lot of the species that they identify are representative of the established evolutionary relationships of plant groups. 
Agronomist 
These are soil and plant scientists who work to improve the yield of field crops like grains and cotton. They develop processes that assist farmers in growing more crops and preventing disease in them. 
Ecologist 
These scientists study plants' interactions with the environment and other organisms. They study the ecosystems of plants to protect them and solve environmental issues. 
Mycologist 
Traditionally, mycologists study fungi and how these damaging organisms injure plant life. Mycologists may also be grouped as a type of microbiologist owing to their study of bacteria and algae as they relate to microorganisms. 
Plant Breeder 
Plant breeders use traditional hybridizing and crossbreeding techniques, rather than genetic engineering, to improve plants for human uses as well as the environment. Plant breeders are a type of plant geneticist, and other geneticists may work more directly with the plant genomes. 
Horticulturist 
These individuals cultivate, grow and care for plants, ranging from fruits to flowers. They can work in areas such as gardens, nurseries or tree orchards. 
Biophysicist 
Biophysicists study the physical and mechanical energy of cells and living organisms. Within plants, they can determine how applicable medicine cures plant disease.

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How to become Botanist?

Qualifying Exam
To become a Botanist, aspirants have to pursue post-graduation in Botany, Biology or related fields. Most of them also pursue research programs in the concerned areas to get good careers in the sector. Various Universities all over the world offer a wide range of courses in Botany. Botany also has subdivisions. Aspirants who study ocean plants can become marine botanists whereas those who study crops can turn out to be agronomists. Botanists can seek jobs in scientific education, botanical gardens, universities, and colleges. They can also work as Plant taxonomists in museums. 
Various employment opportunities are prevailing for Botanists in the Forestry industry, nature conservation and many other fields in the public sector. 


Who is eligible to apply?
The eligibility criterion to apply for the Masters’ course is a Bachelors’ degree in Botany, Biology or related fields. Candidates should have done the course from an acknowledged University. They should clear a PG entrance test also to get admission for the postgraduate programs. Those who have completed post-graduation in the relevant fields can pursue the M Phil or PhD programs in Botany. 

Key Points in the process
Pursue the XII course in Science disciplines with Biology
Carry out the graduation course in Botany, Biology or related fields
Study the postgraduate programs in the same.
Earn a doctoral degree in Botany.
Search out for employments in the Government sector or private companies.

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Median Pay Scale/salary of Botanist :
A career in botany is very rewarding. Botanist's salary varies depending on the field one chooses, the level of education and experience, the responsibilities of the position, and the geographical location. Teachers, researchers can expect a starting salary of Rs 12,000 to Rs 18,000 per month. 
In Govt. service pay scale range from 15,000 to 30,000.

How do I get there?

After 12th

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